International conflicts and crisis have increased and the challenges facing the countries of the world have been magnified, some of which have turned into major obstacles that may threaten the entire world order such as climate change, terrorism and armed conflicts, but despite all these challenges, we can hardly see a decisive role for the United Nations on the ground as a result of some political complications and formation The balance of power within the organization, to summarize its role in denunciations, condemnation and expressions of anxiety, amid millions of citizens suffering from wars and various humanitarian crises, which makes it necessary to activate the global role of the United Nations, especially with regard to maintaining security and peace. The internationals, and achieving peaceful cooperation between the different countries of the world did not benefit and benefit mankind, and this will only come through a series of fundamental reforms affecting the organization in the near future.
Amid that absurd scene hitting the planet from north to south and weak citizens ’trust in many aspects of the global system, we find that there are many voices across the world that have started vigorously calling for reforming the United Nations to take a more serious and realistic form of settling crises, and intervene to face humanitarian crises more realistically On the ground to allow a more effective role in protecting the world order, which has begun to be affected strongly by conflicts between countries and blocs that struggle with each other or devour small states without any mercy, any compassion, and among the most prominent and recent voices that emerged during the past simple period to confirm that there are serious intentions Therefore, reform and development is what the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Egypt, Richard Dicks, indicated when he said: “We are on a journey together, a journey to implement the General Assembly’s resolution to initiate the largest reform of the United Nations development system in history.”
Indeed, the first serious attempts to reform the United Nations began in 1963 when the number of non-permanent members of the Security Council increased from 6 to 10, the number of members of the Economic and Social Council also increased twice (in 1963 and 1971), and new attempts to reform emerged that resumed in 1963. 1975 where a special committee for the United Nations Charter was formed to enhance the role of the organization and the Secretary-General of the United Nations presented at the time "Boutros Ghali" in 1992 a vision for reforming the organization to renew its blood and revitalize its global role. Peace "on a set of concepts, including diplomacy Preventive peacemaking, peace-keeping, peace-building, and peace. Also, in 1993, the issue of fairness in representation and membership of the Security Council and the relevant and international issues affecting it were discussed in a new attempt to reform the system of work within the Council.
In 2006, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, presented a report titled "Investing in the United Nations: for a Stronger Organization." The report discussed "Annan's proposals" to improve the organization's ability to deploy and manage peacekeeping operations. All countries take serious action in that framework as an opportunity that may not be compensated by saying, "This is an opportunity, perhaps it will not be repeated again, to transform the United Nations into an organization capable and effective in facing the challenges of the twenty-first century."
After that, individual voices were enumerated by some countries to advocate the need to take action to reform the organization, and we see this clearly in the invitation of "Liu Zhenmin," the Chinese Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations in 2008 during his demand before the General Assembly session of the need to reform the Security Council and give priority to increasing the representation of developing countries. Especially the African countries, and in the same context, the President of the Committee on International Relations of the Council of the Russian Federation, "Konstantin Kosachev" announced in 2018, that Moscow is ready to cooperate with the member states of the United Nations, with regard to the file of reform of the organization, and called for the change to be innovative and tangible, as it appeared That too This is evident in the 2013 French proposal that called for controlling the veto in the event of widespread atrocities, and France announced its support for the initiative to reform peacekeeping operations that the United Nations Secretary-General launched to enable it to achieve its goals, and this was confirmed by French President Macron in 2018 when "I look forward to the United Nations becoming more responsible, effective and resilient," he said. "I fully support the UN Secretary-General's project and support his ambition and determination to strengthen the organization so that it can meet global challenges."
More specifically, in January 2017, Secretary-General "Antonio Guterres" made proposals to reform the United Nations from the beginning of his mandate to implement fundamental changes in the areas of development, administration, peace and security.
4. The United States and reform
As for the United States of America, its position was different in the era of President "Obama" than his "Trump". In January 2012, America announced, through "Joe Torsila," its representative to the United Nations Administration and Reform, its four-part plan to reform the organization through 4 main axes represented in Development and reform, accountability, integrity, and excellence, and at the time directed a strong criticism of the United Nations system of work, saying, "Management systems within the organization are outdated, and there is little more than transparency and accountability, and amazing waste for the mind", while in the era of the current US President "Donald Trump, "it was different with pictures It is great that he declared that "the future does not belong to those who call for globalization, rather it belongs to patriots" in an invitation to close and care for domestic performance at the expense of international participation and cross-border cooperation, which appeared strongly during his speech before the General Assembly on September 24, 2019, in which he mentioned achievements His internal economic management, ignoring talking about any role of the organization in international issues or reforming and developing the work system within the United Nations to activate its global role.
Some have accused the United States of America of controlling the reins of affairs in the organization but rather directing it according to its own interests to make the organization a new arm that America uses to support its plans and goals around the world, since Washington alone funds about 22% of the general budget of the United Nations, and about 27% of the conservation mission Peace, for the writer "Ali Hassan Bakir" likened that scene to the fact that the United Nations has become like a division of the US State Department, and sometimes the Pentagon, to assure that there will be no real reform of the work system within the organization without a serious and effective American move towards that purpose.
Conflicts increasing so the world need to reform UN to save earth form many challenges threatening all of us.
Important challenge we can face if UN make better role is facing Climate change effects and make real pressure to countries to do some steps about it.
When UN Have more power it will move to make real move towards mitigate weapons of mass destruction?
You can suggest reorganization of things within the United Nations.
It will allow more international cooperation to face poverty and inequality.
The aim of reform is to be able to be more effective, accountable and accountable for international violations and to halt conflicts peacefully.
The reform will provide for serious monitoring of any violations or violence, with sanctions and international steps to ensure the prevention of any conflicts.
Amro Selim is Master researcher in African Postgraduate Studies faculty in Cairo University, member in political committee in Egyptian United Nations association, selected as member in International jury board from UNESCO in MIL City Week 2018 prize and selected in 2019 from UNESCO AS Coordinator for Nominations committee for The Global Alliance for Partnerships on Media and Information Literacy (GAPMIL) Elections.
- UNESCO publishes my research presentation about "digital gap between Africa and Europe" in her official website:
- UNESCO Selected Chairman of Elmoustkbal as chief of Elections committee for GAPMIL elections 2019:
-My organization pages (Twitter – Facebook):
My latest report about sustainable development in Egypt:
-Contribution in digital Cooperation initiated a global consultation in October 2018 in (UN Digital Cooperation) website. Oct 2018:
-Participate in Global network of civil society organizations working to prevent violent conflict:
Please take look at Elmoustkbal SDGs Presentation:
Also our article "Sustainable development goals and peace in middle east region" (Explain main idea):
Is it time to see serious movement for real reform within the United Nations!.pdf
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